Ethiopia Productive Safety Net Program Public Works Environmental Training Planning Award
Granting Agency: USAID/Ethiopia
Purchase Order #: USAID/Ethiopia 663-0-00-09-00103-00
Grant Amount: $32,523
Purpose: Design a training of trainers program to upgrade the technical and training capacities of trainers of Public Works implementers that will lead to improved design, construction, and maintenance of environmentally sustainable rural feeder roads constructed in Ethiopia through Productive Safety Net Program.
The design phase will prepare a statement of work for a training program to address the design, construction, and maintenance of rural feeder roads based on:
- Consultations with USAID/Ethiopia staff, government of Ethiopia and donor agency personnel involved in rural feeder road programs
- Reviews of relevant program reports and evaluations on rural feeder roads
- Discussions with stakeholders including participating project implementers, sponsors, and targeted community leaders
- Site visits to project sites to visually inspect public works implementation and associated problem areas stemming from insufficient or inadequate training in community feeder roads and participatory watershed management planning and implementation.
Output Deliverables: A scope of work and proposed budget for a pilot training program to train 35 trainers of trainers in labour-based rural feeder road design, construction, and maintenance describing necessary curriculum and technical training materials required to improve the quality of community feeder roads and participatory watershed management planning and implementation activities; a schedule for delivery of the workshops including associated fieldwork; the identification of qualified local trainers/facilitators to conduct the training; and identification of necessary activity management and support personnel with estimated LOE.
Virginia Tech faculty involved:
- Mike Bertelsen, Associate Director, OIRED and Associate Dean, College of Agriculture and Life Sciences
- Theo Dillaha, Program Director SANREM CRSP and Professor of Biological Systems Engineering
- Brhane Gebrekidan, Ethiopia Consultant and former AMAREW Chief of Party and Senior Research Advisor
- S.K. De Datta, Assistant Vice President for International Affairs and Director of OIRED.
Labour-Based Rural Feeder Road Technical Reference and Training Resources:
- Ethiopian Roads Authority. 2004. Ethiopian Rural Travel and Transport Program (ERTTP) Manual. Addis Ababa. (The manual is organized in six chapters. Chapter I is the introduction which discusses background and objectives of the manual. Chapter II provides overview of the road sector and the ERTTP. General guidelines for the formulation and implementation of WIDP/WTTP are outlined in Chapters III & IV respectively. Chapter V addresses issues of governance, Management and Organization. General guidelines for resource mobilization and management are provided in chapter VI.)
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 1996. Strategy Document for a Labour-based Road Works Programme in Lao PDR. Bjørn Johannessen Engineering Consultant, Bangkok, Thailand (available at: http://www.ruralworks.com/reports/laostrat/Laostrat.html)
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 2009. The Profile Board Method. Bjøoslash;rn Johannessen Engineering Consultant, Bangkok, Thailand (available at: http://www.ruralworks.com/reports/profileboard/ProfileBoard.html). (Describes a commonly used setting out procedure for rural road works is based on the use of a series of profile boards and a string line level, thereby providing control of levels during construction.)
- Transport Research Laboratory. 1994. PIARC International Road Maintenance Handbook: Practical Guidelines for Rural Road Maintenance. Transport Research Laboratory, United Kingdom. Available at: http://www.metschies.com/downloads.htm. (Volume I Maintenance of roadside areas and drainage. Volume II Maintenance of unpaved roads. Volume III Maintenance of paved roads. Volume IV Maintenance of structures and traffic control devices. These handbooks present in a simple and understandable form, maintenance practices and operations developed through many years of experience with highway problems in developing countries. They are intended for use by maintenance foremen or supervisors to assist with all aspects of their work.)
- Zeedyk, Bill. 2006. A Good Road Lies Easy on the Land: Water Harvesting from Low-Standard Rural Roads. Zeedyk Ecological Consulting, LLC., Sandia Park, New Mexico. 54 p. Available at: http://quiviracoalition.org/images/pdfs/1597-A_Good_Road_Lies_Easy_on_the_Land.pdf.
- World Bank. 2001. Design and Appraisal of Rural Transport Infrastructure: Ensuring Basic Access for Rural Communities. World Bank Technical Paper No. 496. Washington, DC. 106 p. Available at: http://www.worldbank.org/html/fpd/transport/publicat/twu-45.pdf.
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 2008. Building Rural Roads. International Labor Organization. Geneva, Switzerland. 466 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/asia/whatwedo/publications/lang--en/docName--WCMS_100216/index.htm.
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 1999. Rural Road Maintenance Management. Ministry of Rural Development, Royal Government of Thailand, Bangkok. Available at: http://www.ruralworks.com/reports/maintenance/MaintenanceManual.pdf. 82 p. (This manual summarizes relevant Cambodian government policies regarding rural road maintenance. Chapter 2 defines the various components of road maintenance and describes an effective strategy and organization which addresses the maintenance requirements of rural roads in Cambodia. Chapter 3 is a brief description of the planning, implementation and reporting cycle required in an effective road maintenance management system. Chapter 4 summarizes the contracts management procedures, and finally Chapter 5 contains a detailed description of the planning and reporting system established for the execution of routine maintenance works, engaging local petty contractors using labour-based work methods.)
- Ministry of Rural Development. 2006. Rural Road Standards for Tertiary and Sub-Tertiary 1 Roads. Royal Government of Thailand, Bangkok. Available at: http://www.cnctp.info/library/33-TD-St&Sp-001-MRD-RRDStandards-P1_Eng.pdf. 13 p.
- PIARC, TRL & Intech Associates. 2002. Draft Gravel Guidelines. 9 p. Available at: http://www.transport-links.org/transport_links/filearea/documentstore/Draft%20Gravel %20Guidelines.pdf.
- Unknown. 2008. PSNP Manual and Guidelines for Labour-Based Road Construction Techniques with Simple Implements and Tools. Adapted from ERTTP Manual Volume 3 of the 2004 Ethiopian Roads Authority Ethiopian Rural Travel and Transport Program (ERTTP) Manual and the Feeder Roads Guidelines of the Community Based Participatory Watershed Development: A Guideline – Part I.
- MoARD. 2005. Community Based Participatory Watershed Development: A Guideline – Part I. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 176 p.
- McCutcheon, R. T. 2001. Using employment-intensive methods to construct and maintain infrastructure. Municipal Engineer 145(4):273-284. Available at: http://www.atypon-link.com/doi/pdf/10.1680/muen.145.4.273.39925.
- ILO. 1991. Training modules on labour-based road construction and maintenance. International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. (Comprises 16 training modules in the set of 12 videos including scripts, entitled as follows: Introduction, Construction, The Role of the Supervisor, General Planning, Site Planning, Reporting and Control, Work Organization, Tools and Equipment, Survey and Setting Out, Clearing, Drainage, Earthworks, Compaction, Gravelling, Maintenance, Structures and Maintenance of Structures.)
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 1997. Labour-based Road Construction and Maintenance Technology: Course Notes 1. National Polytechnic Institute, School of Communication and Transport International Labour Organisation, Geneva, Switzerland. 165 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/lb_road_course.pdf.
- ILO. 2002. The Labour-based Technology Source Book: A Catalogue of Key Publications. International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 73 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/lbt_sourcebook.pdf.
- Johannessen, Bjørn. 1997. Technical Manual: Labour-Based Road Construction Methods. International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 91 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/tmlbt.pdf. (Field reference for supervisors and engineers on work methods and technical standards for rural road construction using labour-based methods in Lao PDR.)
- World Bank. 1997. Roads and the Environment: A Handbook. World Bank Technical Paper No. 376. Washington, DC. 225 p. Available at: http://siteresources.worldbank.org/ INTTRANSPORT/Resources/336291-1107880869673/twu-31.pdf.
- Donnges, Ch., G. Edmonds, and B. Johannessen. 2007. Rural Road Maintenance - Sustaining the Benefits of Improved Access (SETP 19). International Labour Organization, Bangkok, Thailand. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download /setp/setp19.pdf.
- Tembo, S. and F. Blokhuis. Manual for Supervision of Labour Based Road Rehabilitation Works. International Labour Organization, Geneva, Switzerland. 291 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/lbt_road_rehab.pdf.
- Mason, D. G. 1995. Trainer’s Toolbox of Training Techniques: International Course on Training of Trainers in Labour-Based Road Construction and Maintenance. International Labour Organisation, Advisory Support, Information Services, and Training (ASIST), Nairobi, Kenya. 64 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/ download/train_toolbox.pdf.
- ILO. 1993. Regional Proceedings on Labour-Based Road Construction. 27 September - 1 October 1993, Harare, Zimbabwe. International Labour Organisation, Advisory Support, Information Services, and Training (ASIST). 124 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/regsem/proceedings93.pdf. (Seminar brought together labour-based practitioners from the region to discuss and exchange between the various country programmes, thereby improving the application and efficiency of labour-based methods in road construction and maintenance. Four major topics related to labour-based road works were discussed during this seminar, namely appropriate tools and equipment, small-scale contractor development, the involvement of women and the Technical Enquiry Service of the ASIST project.)
- ILO. 2004. Contractor's Handbook: Labour-based Road Works. Zimbabwe Ministry of Works and Supply, Roads Department, Roads Department Training School. International Labour Organisation, Advisory Support, Information Services, and Training (ASIST). 237 p. Available at: http://www.ilo.org/public/english/employment/recon/eiip/download/ zam_contr_hand.pdf. (Handbook is aimed primarily at small-scale contractors and covers all relevant and important aspects of labour-based road works in Zambia. The handbook provides practical tables, guidelines and recommendations in a concentrated format for use on site. It is written in an easy understandable language so that it may be also useful to site supervisors. The handbook, however, is not a training manual and has been prepared with the assumption that users have previously attended adequate training in road works.)